00 Washington's Cruisers and the Pine Tree Flag

"The Washington Cruisers Flag was flown from seven ships outfitted by George Washington personally to aid in his attempt to drive the British from New England. These ships were sailing before the Continental Navy was formed by Congress in late 1775, making them the de facto first Navy of the United States. The idea to use this flag apparently came from Colonel Joseph Reed, an aide to General Washington." (1)

"We have accounts that the small squadron which sailed some time ago is bombarding Fulmouth and Portsmouth. Our vessels must be careful how they fall in with them. Please to fix upon some particular colour for a flag, and a signal by which our vessels may know one another. What do you think of a flag with a white ground, a tree in the middle, the motto "Appeal to Heaven?" This is the flag of our floating batteries." (2)


1. "Washington Cruisers Flag" www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/washington-cruisers-flag.html visited 2016-10-18

2. "Joseph Reed letter to Col. John Glover" October 20, 1775. www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/joseph-reed-letter-to-john-glover-october-20-1775.html visited 2016-10-18